AMITĀYUS, Sanskrit name of one of the transcendental Buddhas, the so-called Dhyāni-Buddhas, of later Buddhism. He became associated with Sukhāvatī, the Pure Land or paradise of the west. Of a Late Khotanese poem in praise of Amitāyus (in Late Khotanese, Armyāya) thirty-six out of an original total of sixty verses are extant (published in transcription by H. W. Bailey in Khotanese Texts IV, Cambridge, 1961, pp. 36-37; tr. and commentary, pp. 129-35).
Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, ed.
G. P. Malalasekera, I, fasc. 3, Sri Lanka, 1964, s.v. Amita (pp. 434-63).
S. Lévi, J. Takakusu, and P. Demiéville, fasc. 1, Tokyo, 1929, s.v. Amida (pp. 24-30).
(R. E. Emmerick)
Originally Published: December 15, 1989
Last Updated: August 3, 2011
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