AMĀNAT (MONŠĪ AMĀNAT RĀY AMĀNAT), 12th/18th century poet in Persian who imitated the style of his teacher, Mīrzā ʿAbd-al-Qāder Bīdel. A khatri from Laʿlpūr, he was employed as monšī by Nawwāb Amǰad Khan, foster brother of the emperor Moḥammad Shah (1131-61/1719-48). Among works that he translated from Sanskrit into Persian verse is the surviving Bhagatmālā (S. M. Abdullah, Catalogue . . . Punjab University Library I/2, Lahore, 1948, no. 560). An original composition is Jelwa-ye Ḏāt (Ethé, Cat. Ind. Off. I, no. 1696, copied in 1176/1763), a large maṯna wī that relates the adventures of the divine Krishna, interspersing many ḡazals and robāʿīs. It was composed in 1145/1732-33 (the title is a chronogram). He also left behind a Persian dīvān).
Ḵayyāmpūr, Soḵanvarān, p. 574.
Sayyed ʿAlī Ḥasan Khan, Sobḥ-e golšan, Bhopal, 1295, p. 37.
Mīr Ḥosayn Dōst Sanbhalī, Taḏkera-ye Ḥosaynī, Lucknow, 1875, pp. 48-49.
Marshall, Mughals in India, p. 70.
Originally Published: December 15, 1989
Last Updated: August 2, 2011
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