ʿALĪ-QOLĪ KHAN, later known as MOṢṬAFĀ PASHA (ca. 1091-1139/1680-1727), Safavid (later Ottoman) wālī or viceroy of Kʿarṭʿli (Georgia), residing at Tiflis. Originally a Georgian Orthodox Christian named Prince Iese Bagrationi, ʿAlī-qolī Khan was a son of Prince Levan (Šāh-qolī Khan) of Kʿarṭʿli by his second wife, Ṭʿinaṭʿin Avalishvili. Levan himself served Shah Solṭān Ḥosayn as dīvānbegī or lord chief justice of Iran. In 1127/1715, having become a Muslim, ʿAlī-qolī Khan married Princess Elene Bagrationi, daughter of King Erekle I of Georgia. In all he had eight legitimate offspring, one of whom became the Orthodox religious leader, educator, and writer Catholicos Antoni I of Georgia (pontificate: 1744-55, 1764-88). Following the death in battle of the Georgian Bagratid prince Kʿaikhosro in 1123/1711, the rightful ruler of eastern Georgia was ʿAlī-qolī Khan’s half brother, King Vakhtang VI (b. 1086/1675). However, Vakhtang resisted Shah Solṭān Ḥosayn’s order to adopt Islam and in 1124/1712 was summoned to Isfahan, where he was kept under house arrest. ʿAlī-qolī Khan had been appointed tūpčī-bāšī or general in charge of artillery; in 1126/1714, he was sent to Tiflis as wālī in place of Vakhtang. But he soon proved to be incompetent and addicted to alcohol; in 1128/1716 the shah dismissed him. After the Afghan invasion and the collapse of the Safavid dynasty in 1134/1722, Tiflis was occupied by the forces of the Ottoman sultan Aḥmad III, and King Vakhtang VI was forced to go into exile in Russia. ʿAlī-qolī Khan changed his maḏhab from Shiʿite to Sunni and ruled at Tiflis with the name Moṣṭafā Pasha until his death in 1139/1727.
D. M. Lang, “Georgia and the Fall of the Safavi Dynasty,” BSOAS 14, 1952, pp. 523-39.
Idem, The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1832, New York, 1957.
V. Minorsky, “Tiflis,” EI1 IV, pp. 752-63.
I. M. Tabaghua, Sakʿarṭʿvelo-Sapʿrangeṭʿis urṭʿierṭʿoba. XVIII saukunis pirveli meoṭʿkhedi, Tiflis, 1972.
Prince Vakhushti Bagrationi, in: Kʿarṭʿlis Tskhovreba, ed.
S. Qaukhchishvili, IV, Tiflis, 1973.
(D. M. Lang)
Originally Published: December 15, 1985
Last Updated: August 2, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 8, p. 874