ʿALĪ AṢḠAR B. ʿALĪ AKBAR NAYYER BORŪJERDĪ, MĪRZĀ, author of several works including the ʿAqāʾed al-šīʿa, written in 1263/1874 and dedicated to Moḥammad Shah Qāǰār; though not of outstanding merit, this work has been printed several times (first lithographed, Tehran, 1285/1868-69) and was summarized by E. G. Browne (Lit. Hist. Persia IV, pp. 381-402) as a typical example of popular Shiʿite ideas in the 13th/19th century. From this it is possible to observe that the author was hostile not only to Sunnism, but also to certain doctrines of Sufism (e.g., waḥdat al-woǰūd) and to extremist (ḡolāt) Shiʿite and Ismaʿili views on the subject of ʿAlī b. ʿAbī Ṭāleb and other topics. M. ʿA. Modarres (Rayḥānat al-adab, 3rd ed., Tabrīz, n.d., I, p. 253) credits ʿAlī-Aṣḡar with twenty-three works including Nūr al-anwār (lithographed with his didactic maṯnawī, Żīāʾ al-nūr, Tehran, 1275/1858-59, etc.) on the life of the Twelfth Imam and Ẓolma maẓlema in refutation of Babism.
See also Aʿyān al-šīʿa XLI, p. 74.
al-Ḏarīʿa VIII, p. 73; IX, p. 1241; XII, pp. 287-89; XIV, p. 92; XV, pp. 77, 131, 202, 284; XVI, pp. 63, 95, 137, 407; XVIII, pp. 103, 262-63, 386; XXI, pp. 55-56, 222.
M. ʿA. Moʿallem Ḥabībābādī, Makārem al-āṯār dar aḥwāl-e reǰāl-e do qarn-e sīzdah o čahārdah-e heǰrī III, Isfahan, 1351 Š./1972, pp. 921-22.
Mošār, Fehrest II, cols. 2322-23, 3319-20.
(L. P. Elwell-Sutton)
Originally Published: December 15, 1985
Last Updated: August 1, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 8, p. 859