ABROCOMAS, Persian satrap of Syria and commander under Artaxerxes II. In 401 B.C. he prepared an army to reconquer Egypt, which was in revolt against the Persian domination. But the same year Cyrus the Younger rebelled against Artaxerxes II, and Abrocomas went to Babylonia to the aid of the Persian king. He arrived after the decisive battle at Cunaxa had already been fought (Xenophon, Anabasis 1.7.12; see also 1.3.20; 4.3, 5, 18). Ca. 389-387 B.C. Abrocomas and the Persian commanders Pharnabazus and Tithraustes continued without success the attempt at reconquest of Egypt (see Isocrates, Panegyricus 140).
O. Leuze, Die Satrapieneinteilung in Syrien und im Zweistromlande von 520-320, Hildesheim, 1972, pp. 311-17.
Originally Published: December 15, 1983
Last Updated: July 19, 2011
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Vol. I, Fasc. 3, p. 247